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As one of the most common types of cancer in the USA, skin cancer is a major source of concern for numerous patients. Because skin cancer can spread, patients need to have their cancerous lesions removed as early as possible. More details about treatment options for skin cancer in New Jersey are available by reaching out to Geria Dermatology.
What Is Skin Cancer?
Skin cancer occurs when the growth of skin cells in an area occurs at an abnormally fast rate. This abnormal growth results in damage to the DNA that goes unrepaired, thus causing a mutation. The rapid multiplication of skin cells can lead to the formation of malignant tumors.
There are three types of cancerous lesions that can form. These are melanoma and Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC), squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and basal cell carcinoma (BCC). Identifying which type of skin cancer you have is crucial for proper treatment, and this can be diagnosed during a consultation.
Signs of Skin Cancer
Skin cancer typically shows up on areas of the skin that regularly get exposed to the sun. This includes the following areas:
As for the lesions themselves, they commonly come in the form of discolored bumps, swollen or bleeding sores, or moles that change size or shape. The characteristics of a cancerous lesion vary based on the type of skin cancer.
Common Causes of Skin Cancer
The biggest contributor to the formation of skin cancer is harmful levels of ultraviolet (UV) rays. This can either come from too much exposure to the sun or the overuse of tanning beds. UV rays essentially inflict damage on skin cells, which can heal most of the time. Too much damage over extended periods of time, however, can lead to cellular mutation.
Who Is Most at Risk of Developing Skin Cancer?
There are several factors that increase the risk of developing skin cancer. These include having a lighter natural skin tone, a skin type that easily burns or forms freckles, or particularly sensitive skin. It was also found that patients with blue or green eyes and blond or red hair are susceptible to getting skin cancer.
Patients who spend a lot of time in the sun are at a higher risk of skin cancer, especially if they do not have proper sun protection. Because of this, applying sunscreen of SPF 30 or higher is vital.
When to Seek Treatment for Skin Cancer at Geria Dermatology
Patients should seek out treatment for skin cancer as early as possible. Late-stage skin cancer can spread to the bones, lymph nodes, and other organs. If the issue is caught early enough, however, patients will be able to visit a dermatologist to get painless treatment with virtually no scarring.
Schedule Your Consultation
Patients can contact Geria Dermatology to schedule a consultation and learn more about our effective treatment options for skin cancer in New Jersey. We will be happy to perform a skin evaluation and recommend the proper course of action.