Psoriasis

Aanand Geria, MD -  - Dermatologist

Geria Dermatology

Aanand Geria, MD

Dermatologist located in Rutherford, NJ

Psoriasis
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the skin that makes skin cells grow faster than usual, causing them to pile up. While the condition takes many forms, about four in five patients have plaque psoriasis, the type that causes red, raised patches of skin covered with silvery-white scales. If you’re living with psoriasis, you can find relief at Geria Dermatology in Rutherford, New Jersey. There, Dr. Aanand Geria -- a board-certified dermatologist -- provides advanced management strategies for patients with psoriasis. He has treated patients with psoriasis for several years and has developed an expertise in addressing the condition. To learn more, call or book your appointment online today.

Psoriasis Q & A

What causes psoriasis?

Psoriasis is the result of an error in your immune system that causes your skin cells to grow too fast. Rather than forming over the course of a week, like normal, these new skin cells form in just days.

When excess cells build up on the surface of your skin, they form patches. As they continue to pile up, these patches become thicker and scalier. Psoriasis patches are often itchy and sore; they can also become very dry, form cracks, and bleed.

Researchers believe that both genetic and environmental factors play a role in the development of psoriasis, which isn't contagious. Factors that are known to trigger the condition or make it worse include:

  • Skin injuries, including cuts or sunburns
  • Specific infections, including strep throat
  • Prolonged vitamin D deficiency
  • Chronic psychological stress
  • Specific medications, including beta blockers
  • Smoking or heavy alcohol consumption

What are the most common forms of psoriasis?

Although psoriasis takes many forms, most patients are affected by one of the following:

Plaque psoriasis

Plaque psoriasis, the most commonly diagnosed type, causes patches of dry skin that are raised, red, and overlaid with white or silvery scales. These lesions may be few or many and can appear anywhere.

Guttate psoriasis

This type of psoriasis is often brought on by a bacterial infection, and mostly affects children and adolescents. It causes small scaling lesions on the arms, legs, trunk, or scalp.

Psoriatic arthritis

This form of psoriasis is unique in that it causes swollen, painful joints as well as inflamed, scaly patches of skin. Symptoms may be mild or severe and can affect any joint.

Inverse psoriasis

Usually triggered by a fungal infection, inverse psoriasis causes patches of smooth, red, skin in the armpits, groin area, or under the breasts. The inflammation gets worse with sweating or rubbing.

How is psoriasis managed?

Psoriasis is incurable, so the primary goal of treatment is to successfully manage the condition by reducing inflammation and clearing your skin.

For mild to moderate cases, applying topical creams and lotions directly to lesions can provide excellent results.

XTRAC laser is a state-of-the-art psoriasis treatment that involves controlled exposure to ultraviolet light to help slow cell turnover and reduce scaling and inflammation. Because light therapy doesn’t target healthy tissues, it can safely deliver a high-dose treatment for faster clearing and longer remission.

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